Instructions for Authors


  1. Types of paper

    Research papers
    It is possible to submit original full-length research papers which had not been previously published as original papers.

    Review papers
    Falling under the category of review papers are ones that do not report original research, basing off previously published works. In an attempt to explain the present knowledge on a given topic, these articles tend to summarize existing works on the subject matter. They can be divided into three categories: (a) a narrative review explaining the understanding of a topic applying all available published research; (b) a systematic review seeking to answer a specific question using the available scientific literature (it is recommended that PRISMA guidelines be used for this type of article); (c) a meta-analysis, combining and comparing the findings of past scientific publications.

    Case report
    This refers to articles describing and analyzing an individual case, sometimes taking the form of a detailed story. A case report is an in-depth or exhaustive study of either an individual case or given group, whereas a combination of similar case reports is referred to as a case series.
  2. Submission checklist

    The checklist allows for carrying out a final assessment of the submission prior to sending it to the journal for review.
    Make certain that the following items are present

    Details, i.e. names, affiliation with address, e-mail address, ORCID ID and country, have been assigned to the authors. A single author has been chosen and delegated as the corresponding author. All essential files have been uploaded.

    1. Manuscript:
      – Include title of paper.
      – Include abstract.
      – Include keywords.
      – Include JEL Classification.
      – Main body of the paper.
      – Statements.
      – All figures (include titles, numbering and source).
      – All tables (including titles, description, footnotes and source).
      – Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided.
      – References.
    2. Title page
      – Include title of paper.
      – Include names of Authors, correspondence and affiliation.
      – Include abstract .
      – Include keywords.
      – Include JEL Classification.
    3. Graphical Abstracts
    4. Highlights
    5. Further considerations
      – The manuscript has been “spell checked” and “grammar checked”.
      – All references mentioned in the Reference are cited in the text, and vice versa.
      – A statement of competing interests is provided.
      – Reviewers suggestions and contact details provided based on journal requirements.
      – Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
      – A template file has been used to prepare the paper (REMV Manuscript Formatting Template).
      – Journal policies specified in this guide have been subjected to reviewing.


  1. Ethics in publishing

    Ethical standards and procedures should be consulted.
  2. Declaration of interest

    All authors are obliged to provide disclosure of any financial and personal relationships with persons or organizations which could have a questionable influence on the work. Competing interests comprise, though are not limited to, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid export testimonies, patent applications/registrations as well as grants and other funding. If such interests do arise, they must be disclosed in two places.
    1. As a statement regarding the declaration of interest in the “Statement” section of the manuscript file (an independent section found at the end of the article, preceding the bibliography).
    2. On a separate form termed Additional Information, as detailed disclosures; this form is part of the journal’s official internet website. Declarations must be made in both of the specified places and information provided should be in agreement.
  3. Submission declaration and verification

    When submitting a manuscript, it is understood that it had not already undergone publication (with the exception of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis), and is not being considered for publication elsewhere, that all authors and responsible authorities where the work was conducted have given their approval for publication, and that the work cannot be published anywhere else in an unchanged form, neither in English nor in another language, which also includes electronic publications without written agreement of the copyright holder. The article may be subjected to assessment in terms of originality by the detection services of Crossref Similarity Check.
  4. Use of inclusive language

    Inclusive language is a form of language that recognizes diversity, respects all people, is sensitive to differences and – at the same time – endorses equal opportunities. Such language should be used throughout the text, with the content not assuming any beliefs or commitments of readers, hence without wording which could signify that any given individual is superior to another when it comes to age, gender, race, culture, ethnicity, sexual orientation disability or health condition. The authors are responsible for ensuring that the writing is in no way bias, and therefore does not contain stereotypes, derogatory slang, or references to a dominant culture and/or cultural assumptions.
  5. Author statement

    We ask the authors to submit (Editorial System) a statement outlining their individual contributions to the work, specifying the relevant roles: A – conception; B – assumptions; C – methods; D – calculations; this will aid transparency.
  6. Changes to authorship

    Careful consideration should be given to the list and order that the authors appear in prior to submitting the manuscript, with the final list of authors provided at the time of original submission. If names are to be added, deleted or rearranged in the authorship list, this should be done prior to accepting the manuscript, and under the condition that the change had been approved by the Editor of the journal. If such a request is to be made, the corresponding author must provide the Editor with: (a) the reason behind the change in the list of authors, and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) that all the authors agree with the change, including affirmation of the authors subjected to removal or newly added authors. After the manuscript has been accepted for publishing, the Editor will consider such changes in the event of extraordinary circumstances. Publication of the manuscript will be deferred until the Editor has reached a decision regarding the request and, in the event of a manuscript already having been published, requests approved by the Editor will take the form of a corrigendum.
  7. Role of the funding source

    It is requested that the authors identify the sources of financial support for carrying out the studies and/or preparing the article, as well as providing a brief description of the role that the sponsor(s) had in the study design, collection, analysis and interpretation of data, in writing the report, and deciding to submit the article for publication, or stating the lack of involvement of the source(s) in cases lacking such participation.
  8. Submission

    You will be guided step-by-step through the process of submitting the article and uploading files by our online submission system. Although article files are converted to a single PDF by the system to be used in the peer-review process, editable files (MS Word) are necessary to typeset the article for final publication. Any correspondence will take the form of e-mails, including notification regarding the Editor’s decision or requests for revision.
  9. Submission site for REMV

    To submit your paper please click here Editorial System


  1. Queries

    The Authors are asked to consult the account in the editorial system or write an e-mail to if they should have any questions regarding the editorial process (including the status of manuscripts under review) and technical support on submissions.
  2. New Submissions

    REMV submissions take place online, providing step-by-step guidance to the authors for creating and uploading of files. The file must be prepared using the REMV Manuscript Formatting Template. Although files are automatically converted to a single PDF for purposes of the peer-review process, you can also choose to submit the manuscript as a single file for this purpose. The link contains more detailed information.

    The authors must meet strict requirements regarding the format in which references should appear at the time of submitting the manuscript. They should follow the formatting as well as other style guidelines found in the APA 7th ed. (or higher), and DOI must be used. The proofreading stage will draw attention to any missing data which must be corrected by the authors.

    Formatting requirements
    There are strict formatting requirements. The link contains detailed information.

    Text format
    The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA 7th ed.) contains the style and format specifications which the submitted manuscripts must follow. We ask that the papers be written in American English, using Word (.docx), Segoe UI, 10 pt. There is a 40 000 character (with spaces) limit for the submitted manuscripts.

    Figures and tables embedded in text
    The figures and tables contained in a single file should be located next to the relevant text in the manuscript as opposed to at the top or bottom of the file. The corresponding caption should be placed directly underneath the figure or table.
  3. Peer review

    Because REMV operates under a double anonymized review process, all submissions will first be checked by the editor to assess whether appropriate for the journal. Manuscripts which are assessed as suitable are then usually sent to at least two independent expert reviewers to determine their scientific merit. The decision of whether the paper is accepted or rejected belongs to the Editor and is final. Editors cannot participate in decisions regarding papers they have written or ones which have been written by their family members or colleagues, we well as those connected with products or services which the authors has interest in. In the case of such submissions, they will be subject to all of the journal’s customary procedures, though assuring that the peer review is handled separately from the pertinent editors and their research groups.
  4. Double anonymized review

    In accordance with the double anonymized reviews applied by REMV, the identities of the authors are hidden from the reviewers and vice versa. The following should be included separately to ensure such anonymity: REMV uses double anonymized review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. To facilitate this, please include the following separately:

    Title page (with author details): This should include the title, authors' names, affiliations, e-mail address, ORCID ID, country, JEL Classification and a complete address for the corresponding author, containing the e-mail address, abstract.

    Anonymized manuscript (no author details): The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any statements (acknowledgements, declarations of interest and funding)) should not include any information which would make it possible to identify the authors, including the authors' names or affiliations.
  5. Revised submissions

    Use of word processing software
    The use of “spell-check” and “grammar-check” tools in word processing programs is highly recommended in order to limit avoidable errors and typos.
  6. Manuscript structure

    Subdivision - numbered sections
    The article should be divided into clearly distinguished and numbered sections. Subsections are to be numbered 1., 2., .. etc. (subdivided into 1.1, or 1.1.1, …). Do not include the abstract in the numbering. The numbering is also to be used for internal cross-referencing rather than merely referring to “the text”. All subsections should contain a short heading, with each heading given its own separate line.

    In this section, the authors should provide a description of the nature and context of the research problem along with its importance and the novelty connected with it. The aims of the work are to be stated along with sufficient background and a description of how the research will contribute to the advancement of science and knowledge, as well as practical application. We ask you to provide a concise and informative indication of the main positions of literature connected with the topic, addressing the current state of knowledge as well as unanswered gaps. Proficiency in literature can be shown by referencing classic as well as recent key sources, with peer-reviewed research journals and books holding particular importance.

    Material and methods
    The study area, data collection and description as well as research problems must first be described. It is next necessary to characterize the research methodology. A detailed description of any new methods and protocols should be provided, whereas well-established methods need only to be briefly described and cited in a concise and suitable manner.

    We ask the authors to provide a clear and brief description of findings, making sure to use tables and figures resourcefully and efficiently. Statistical tests and other analyses must be interpreted sufficiently, in such a manner that allows for a wide multidisciplinary audience of researchers and practitioners to comprehend their key points.

    The results and implication of the findings should be compared to research carried out in the past, with the authors responsible discussing the results as well as the significance of the present findings in light of past studies. The discussion should refer to topic literature as well as the working hypotheses. Inference on how the findings may apply to other locations and circumstances is expected, though making sure not to overgeneralize the results. Both strengths and weaknesses of the work should be addressed, including suggestions for improvement or expansion of the research in the future.

    The study should formulate main conclusions, drawing attention to the key findings and implications of the work.

    The study should include (if necessary) acknowledgments, funding sources and declaration of interest.

    In the case of more than one appendix, they should be labeled as A, B, etc. Separate numbering should be supplied to formulae and equations in appendices: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in an ensuing appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. The same applies to tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
  7. Essential title page information

    Seeing as how titles are often used in information-retrieval systems, they should be concise, yet informative. Formulae and abbreviations are best avoided.

    Author names and affiliations
    Please indicate and double-check the spelling of the name(s) and surname(s) of the authors. Your name can be added between parentheses in your own script, behind the English translation. Information below the names includes the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the work was carried out). Such affiliations are to be indicated in lower-case superscript sequential numbers, directly after the author’s name and preceding the appropriate address. Affiliations, including the name of the country and, if applicable, the e-mail address of each author, should be provided.

    Corresponding author
    It must be specified who will responsible for correspondence during all stages of the refereeing and publication process, as well as after publication. This person is obliged to respond to any future inquiries regarding the Methodology and Materials. The e-mail address of this person must be given by the corresponding author, making sure to update the contact details in the event of changes.

    see below

    see below

    JEL Classification
    see below
  8. Highlights

    Highlights improve discoverability of articles via search engines, hence their use is deemed mandatory by REMV. They are made up of a short list of bullet points which, together, give a summary of the novel results of the research and any new methods applied. Examples of highlights can be found here.
    The online submission system is to be used to submit highlights. “Highlights” contain 3 to 5 bullet points (only small letter) of no more than 120 characters (including spaces) each.
  9. Abstract
    The abstract should contain between 150 and 250 words, remaining concise yes understandable. Reference citations are to be avoided in this section. Included in the abstract will be reasoning for the assumed topic, the aim of the research, methodology applied in the research, the main results and any chief conclusions. Seeing as how an abstract is often written and presented separately from the article, it should be written in such a way that allows it to stand alone. Uncommon or non-standard abbreviations should only be used when absolutely necessary; if their use is deemed unavoidable, such abbreviations must be supplied the first time they appear in the abstract.
  10. Graphical abstract

    Graphical abstract is obligatory as it draws more attention to the online article. The aim of a pictorial abstract is to capture and summarize the contents of articles in a concise pictorial form, which draws the attention of many readers. Graphical abstracts are to be submitted in a separate file through the online submission system. The image size should be no smaller than 531 x 1328 pixels (h x w). It should be possible to read an image when sized 5 x 13 cm with a regular screen resolution of 300 dpi. TIFF, JPG and PNG files formats are preferred. Sample Graphical Abstracts can be found on our journal’s information site (see image).
  11. Keywords

    A maximum of 6 words are to be provided directly after the abstract, using American spelling and refraining from the use of general and plural terms as well as multiple concepts (“avoid”, “for example”, “and”, “of”). Abbreviations should be used sparingly and strictly limited to ones strongly established in the field. Keywords serve the purpose of indexing.
  12. JEL Classification

    We ask the authors to propose JEL classification according to that made available on the Journal of Economic Literature website. This classification system was intended to be used in the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL), and is a standard classification method allowing for academic literature in the field of economics to be categorized. The system allows for classification of articles in EconLit, as well as other applications. Descriptions and examples can be found on JEL Codes Guide.
  13. Statement

    Acknowledgments should be grouped in a separate section (“Acknowledgements”) at the end of the article prior to the bibliography. They are not to be included on the title page, as a footnote to the title or in any other form. The acknowledgements intend to recognize individuals who helped with the research, whether this be with language support, writing assistance, proofreading, or other matters).

    Formatting of funding sources
    Sources of funding must be listed in a separate section (“Funding Sources”) which is found at the end of the article, prior to the bibliography. The manner in which they are listed is standardized as follows:
    Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Science, Poland [grant numbers HP5200, 2022]; the ABC Foundation, Germany [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace, USA [grant number aaaa].
    Detailed descriptions of the program, grant or award are not necessary, though we ask you to submit the name of the institute or organization providing the funding in cases when it takes the form of a block grant or other resources to a university, college or other research institution.
  14. Math formulae

    Math equations should be submitted as editable texts rather than as images. Simple formulae are to be presented in line with the normal text. Variables should take the form of italics, while powers of e are oftentimes more opportunely presented by exp. Equations that are clearly referred to in the text and but displayed separately from the text, should be numbered (in brackets, e.g. (1)) consecutively.
  15. Footnotes

    We ask for footnotes to be used in moderation. Footnotes can either be built into the text (which is done automatically by some work processing programs) or their position in the text indicated and presented separately at the end of the article.
  16. Illustrations

    We ask you to ensure that illustration files are in an appropriate format (TIFF, JPEG, and PNG) along with correct resolution. Each of the illustrations should contain a caption, which in turn should include a concise title (not on the actual figure) and a description of what the illustration presents. The actual illustrations should contain minimal amounts of text, but provide an explanation of any symbols or abbreviations used. The source should also be indicated.

    General points:
    – Uniform lettering and sizing of original illustrations.
    – Preferred fonts: Segoe UI.
    – Illustrations numbered according to their sequence in the text.
    – A logical naming convention for files containing illustrations.
    – Indicate per figure if it is a single or 2-column fitting image.
    – Minimal resolution of 300 dpi.
    – Figure files exceed 10 MB, are to be provided in separate files.

    Please do not:
    – Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low.
    – Supply files that are too low in resolution.
    – Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.
  17. Tables

    Tables are to be submitted as editable text rather than as images, and numbered accordingly to the order they appear in within the text. Any table notes are to be found underneath the body of the table. Please use tables sparingly and make sure to avoid the duplication of results found elsewhere in the text. Vertical rules and shading in table cells is also to be refrained from. The source should be indicated.
  18. References

    REMV follows the formatting and style guidelines specified by the American Psychological Association – APA 7th edition publications manual. The use of management software products which support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley or Zotero, is recommended. By using the appropriate plug-ins found in these products, the authors need only chose the appropriate journal template for citations and bibliographies in order for them to be automatically formatted in the style selected by a the journal.

    We ensure a high level of research discoverability and quality peer review by providing online links to the cited sources. Data provided in the references must be correct for purposes of creating links to abstracting and indexing services, including Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed. Using incorrect data, such as surnames, journal/book titles, pagination or year of publication, can interfere with creating such links.

    Web references
    The full URL, along with the date the position was last accessed, is the very minimum which should be provided. If the authors are familiar with any further information (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), these should also be supplied. If the authors wish to, they can either list the web references separately, under a different heading, or enter it in the reference list.

    Data references
    REMV encourages the citation of underlying or relevant datasets in the manuscript by citation within the text as well as including a data reference in the Reference List. The following elements should be included in the data references: author’s/authors’ name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Adding the [dataset] directly before the reference will allows us to properly identify it as a data reference, with the [dataset] identifier not appearing in the published article.

    Reference formatting
    Reference formatting at submission is subject to strict requirements. The references should be in accordance with the formatting specified by APA 7th ed. (or higher) style. The author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the article number or pagination must be present were applicable. Use of DOI (e.g., is obligatory. The authors should ensure that every reference cited within the text can also be found in the reference list (and vice versa). It is not recommended to include unpublished results and personal communications in the reference list, though these can be stated in the text. In the case of including such references in the reference list, the standard reference style (APA 7th ed. or higher) should be followed, with the publication date substituted with either “Unpublished Results” or “Personal Communication”. The use of “In press” in the citation of a reference implies that it has been approved for publication.
    The authors are expected to format the references themselves, and arrange them accordingly with the following examples. Note: it is strongly encouraged that the accuracy of each reference be ensured by comparing it with its original source.

    1. A list of references found after the text of the manuscript should include all publications cited in the work. Care must be taken to ensure that the spelling of the authors’ names and dates are identical to those in the reference list.

    2. Reference in the text should be made to the author’s name (not initials) as well as the year of publication. A short reference to appropriate pages can follow if necessary. Examples: "Since Hofman (2021) has reported that...", "This is in disagreement with results obtained in later research (Choi, 2020, pp. 33-46; Cheked & Badi, 2019)".

    3.The name of the first author is to be followed by “et al.” (Choi et al., 2021)) in the case of references being made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors. However, such an abbreviation should not be used in the list of references, where the names of the first author as well as co-authors should all be listed in full.

    4. Chronological order applies to references cited together in the text, with the list of references arranged alphabetically by authors’ names, and chronologically per author. If a co-author is also mentioned along with an author’s name in the last, they should follow the order of: publications of the single author, arranged according to publication dates -- publications of the same author with one co-author -- publications of the author with more than one co-author. Publications from the same year by the same author(s) should be listed as, e.g. Meyer (2002a), Meyer (2002b), etc.

    5. The following system should be used to arrange the references, noting the proper placement of punctuation:

    a. For journal article

    Cheung, J. M. B. (2018). To drug or not to drug: A qualitative study of patients’ decision-making processes for managing insomnia. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 16(1), 1-26.
    Żelazowski, K., & Panas, T. (2011). Regionalne zróżnicowanie cen i ich determinant na rynku mieszkaniowym w Polsce. Studia i Materiały Towarzystwa Naukowego Nieruchomości, 19(3), 98-106. "in press".
    Al-Hajieh, H., Redhead, K., & Rodgers, T. (2011). Investor sentiment and calendar anomaly effects: A case study of the impact of Ramadan on Islamic Middle Eastern markets. Research in International Business and Finance, 25(3), 345-356.

    b. For edited symposia, special issues, etc., published in a periodical

    Rice, K. (1992). Theory and conceptual issues. In: Gall, G.A.E.,&Staton, M. (Eds.), Integrating Conservation Biology and Agricultural Production. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 42, 9-26.

    c. For books

    De Vaus, D. A. (2014). Surveys in social research. Sydney, Australia: Allen & Unwin.

    d. For books chapter

    McKenzie, H., Boughton, M., Hayes, L., & Forsyth, S. (2008). Explaining the complexities and value of nursing practice and knowledge. In I. Morley & M. Crouch (Eds.), Knowledge as value: Illumination through critical prisms (pp. 209-224). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi.

    e. For webpage with no author

    $250m funding boost for malaria vaccine. (2003). Retrieved from

    f. For newspaper article

    Fellner, C. (2019, April 7). Time bomb: Two new cases as NSW faces worst measles outbreak in years. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved from

    g. For government publication

    Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.(2018). Physical activity across the life stages. Canberra, Australia: Wisniewski R.

    Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.(2018). Physical activity across the life stages. Retrieved from
    Ustawa z dnia 26 stycznia 2007 r. o płatnościach do gruntów rolnych i płatności cukrowej, Dz. U. 2007 nr 35 poz. 217, z późn. zm.

    h. For company and industry reports

    Vuong, B. (2018, November). IBISWorld industry report OD5381. Coffee shops in Australia. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

    Urząd Miasta w Olsztynie. (15.02.2015). Rejestr Cen i Wartości Nieruchomości.

    6. In the case of publications in any language other than English, the original title is to be retained. However, the titles of publications in non-Roman alphabets should be transliterated, and a notation such as "(in Ukrainian)" or "(in Greek, with English abstract)" should be added.

    7. Work accepted for publication but not yet published should be referred to as "in press". Authors should provide evidence (such as a copy of the letter of acceptance).

    8. References concerning unpublished data, theses, and "personal communications" should not be cited in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.
  19. Video

    REMV do not accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research.
  20. Supplementary material

    REMV do not accepts supplementary material (as files) such as applications, Excel or PowerPoint files. REMV accepts research data published and available in external data repository (see below - RepOD).
  21. Research data

    This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project.

    Data repository
    We recommend registration of research data in RepOD (Repository for Open Data). Registration should be made after “Initially Accepted Manuscripts”.

    Data linking
    If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset.

    Data statement
    To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential or commonly available.
  22. Additional Information

    All manuscripts are peer-reviewed. Authors have the opportunity to suggest reviewers who are appropriate for the paper, but please note that the journal may not use your suggestions, but your help is appreciated and may speed up the selection of appropriate reviewers. If you decide to provide suggestions you will need the reviewers full contact information including current e-mail address. Authors are requested not to suggest reviewers with whom they have a relationship that would prevent the reviewer from having an unbiased opinion of the work of the authors. On receipt of the first decision letter, authors should sendtheir revised manuscript within one monthin order to ensure that the scientific content of their manuscript is timely and up to date.


Offline proof correction

To ensure a fast publication process of the article, we kindly ask authors to provide us with their proof corrections.
Corresponding authors will receive an e-mail with an article. After proof corrections corresponding authors send it back to the Editorial Board. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.